People with intellectual disabilities (ID) aspire to gainful employment1. To assist them with this goal, state vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies offer employment services based upon Individualized Plans for Employment (IPEs). A commonly used measure of outcomes is the rehabilitation rate, defined as the percentage of individuals exiting the program who have achieved an employment outcome after receiving services with an IPE. This indicator does not consider that not all eligible consumers progress to receive services after an IPE is developed. This occurs for a variety of individual, service, and systems reasons. Reviewing data for eligible consumers who do not receive services provides a more complete picture of the experiences of individuals who engage with and exit the VR system.
Rehabilitation Services Administration
The Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) system can purchase a wide array of services to support employment. The February, 2005 Data Note summarizes the cost per VR case in fiscal year 2003. Costs varied widely according to disability type.
Approximately 18 million people in the U.S. have diabetes. This Data Note examines the employment hours and earning outcomes for people with diabetes who received VR services in 2003.
An estimated 250,000 people live with a spinal cord injury (SCI). In 2004, 2382 individuals with SCI achieved successful rehabilitation with the support of state vocational rehabilitation agencies. This Data Note examines their outcomes. Data set: RSA (VR).
This Data Note examines how wages for VR customers in supported employment compare to those earned by other customers.
Of the over 48,000 persons nationwide with mental retardation or other developmental disabilities (MR/DD) who closed out of the Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) system after receiving employment services in FY2005, more than half were successful closures, yielding a rehabilitation rate of 56.9%. The rehabilitation rate is calculated by dividing the number of successful closures, which is employment in any setting with the exception of sheltered workshops, by the total number of closures who received employment services.
This data note describes the integrated employment timeframe from application to closure for people with developmental disabilities (i.e., mental retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and autism) whose cases were closed by VR in 2006 (N = 27,579). VR typically closes cases when applicants have been in employment for at least 90 days.
Employment rates in the general population and VR Rehabilitation rates DataNote 18 2008
Completion of postsecondary education is commonly associated with better employment outcomes for the general population. There is increasing interest in postsecondary education as an opportunity for individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). One role that vocational rehabilitation (VR) serves is to support postsecondary education in accordance with their Individualized Plan for Employment (IPE).
Congress has enacted a number of work incentive programs for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipients with disabilities after concluding additional incentives were necessary to help individuals become self-supporting.