State Intellectual and Developmental Disability Agencies' Service Trends

Data Note 55

By Jean E. Winsor


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Source: The National Survey of State Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Day and Employment Services (Institute for Community Inclusion, State Data Project).

Since Fiscal Year 1988, the Institute for Community Inclusion has administered the National Survey of State Intellectual and Developmental Disability Agencies' (IDD Agencies) Day and Employment Services. The work is funded by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities and is designed to describe the nature of day and employment services for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities.

In FY2014, an estimated 605,301 individuals received day or employment supports from state IDD program agencies. This number grew from 455,824 in FY1999. The estimated number of individuals in integrated employment services increased from 108,277 in FY1999 to 115,557 in FY2014. State investment continues to emphasize facility-based and non-work services, rather than integrated employment services. Figure 1 shows the trends in the percentage of people served in integrated employment and facility-based and non-work settings between FY2004 and FY2014.

Major findings include:

  • National estimates suggest that, after remaining flat between 1999 and 2009, there has been very modest growth in the number of individuals in integrated employment between 2010 and 2014.
  • The estimated percentage of individuals participating in integrated employment services was 19.1% in FY2014.
  • Growth in supported employment primarily occurred between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s, and there has been a decline in the percentage of people with IDD in integrated employment since 2001.
  • Growth in community-based non-work services has continued for states that report offering this service.
  • There is large variation across states in participation in integrated employment (Table 1).

Figure 1.

*Percents displayed represent estimates for the number of people served in integrated employment nationally (in all 50 states and Washington, DC)

Table 1.

Participation in Day and Employment Services in FY2014
State Total Served Percent Integrated Employment Percent Community-Based Non-Work Percent Facility-Based Work Percent Facility-Based Non-Work
AK 1,891 23% 0% 0% 98%
AL 4,793 4% 0% 2% 94%
AR * * * * *
AZ 8,489 22% 0% 10% 67%
CA 82,963 12% 76% 12% 0%
CO 8,331 28% 72% 0% 53%
CT 10,034 47% 7% 3% 46%
DC 1,253 17% 27% 0% 56%
DE 2,076 26% 13% 28% 31%
FL 17,414 13% * * *
GA 19,530 12% 23% 0% 64%
HI * * * * 0%
IA 14,725 16% 0% 24% 59%
ID 3,579 6% 1% 0% 0%
IL 23,959 6% 0% <1% 92%
IN 13,356 14% 77% 34% 48%
KS 6,141 14% 56% 50% 62%
KY 6,984 10% 82% 0% 8%
LA 5,093 32% <1% 26% 42%
MA 15,728 37% 24% 16% 56%
MD 13,143 39% 0% 0% 61%
ME 3,628 28% 93% 0% 0%
MI 17,352 23% 36% 25% 28%
MN 26,233 11% 30% 50% 7%
MO 5,831 12% 62% 0% 57%
MS 3,021 21% 0% 1% 16%
MT 1,836 24% 0% 58% 52%
NC 15,619 22% 17% 18% 37%
ND * * * * *
NE 4,469 0% 1% 0% 0%
NH 3,623 44% 62% 0% 0%
NJ * * * * *
NM 3,318 32% 77% 0% 51%
NV 2,451 17% <1% 47% 36%
NY 62,313 12% 2% 12% 74%
OH 33,386 23% 0% 54% 41%
OK 4,134 60% 29% 56% 0%
OR 10,919 33% 32% 24% 25%
PA 29,132 18% 47% 32% 34%
RI 3,475 0% 58% 14% 78%
SC 7,460 29% 12% 38% 42%
SD 2,546 20% 31% 65% 32%
TN 7,110 19% 94% <1% 53%
TX 28,663 11% 0% 0% 89%
UT 3,274 21% 79% 0% 0%
VA 15,876 26% 6% 5% 64%
VT 2,985 38% 62% 0% 0%
WA 8,441 86% 12% 6% <1%
WI 16,569 18% 17% 44% 48%
WV 2,192 38% 100% <1% 62%
WY 1,448 17% 0% 11% 75%

* = Data not provided

Suggested Citation

Winsor, J. E. (2016). State intellectual disability and developmental disabilities agencies' service trends. DataNote Series, Data Note 55. Boston, MA: University of Massachusetts Boston, Institute for Community Inclusion.

Acknowledgments

This is a publication of StateData.info, funded in part by the Administration on Developmental Disabilities, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (#90DN0295).

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